Tag Archives: England

Stolen John Lennon items recovered in Berlin

Glasses from the estate of John Lennon are pictured during a press conference on November 21, 2017 in Berlin.Image copyright AFP
Image caption Pairs of John Lennon’s signature round glasses were also found

German police have recovered more than 100 items stolen from John Lennon’s estate, including three diaries.

The diaries were put on display at Berlin police headquarters with other items including a tape recording of a Beatles concert, two pairs of glasses, sheet music and a cigarette case.

Police said a 58-year-old man had been arrested on suspicion of handling stolen goods.

The items were stolen in New York in 2006 from Lennon’s widow, Yoko Ono.

Detectives said much of the haul was confiscated from an auction house in Berlin in July, sparking an investigation to find the rest of the stolen items.

Ono identified the objects from photos she was shown at the German consulate in New York, German media reported.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption The diaries, along with other items, were displayed by police in Berlin

The suspect was arrested on Monday in Berlin after police searched his home and cars.

Martin Steltner, a spokesman for the Berlin prosecutor’s office, said another suspect, who lives in Turkey, “is unattainable for us at the present time”.

It is understood the second suspect used to work as a chauffeur for Ono.

Mr Steltner said it was not clear when the recovered items could be returned to Lennon’s estate.

Image copyright EPA
Image caption John Lennon, pictured here with Yoko Ono in 1969, was shot dead in New York in 1980

Memorabilia connected to the Beatles can fetch huge prices at auction.

In February, a leather jacket believed to have been worn by Lennon sold for £10,400 at an auction in England.

In September, an original score for The Beatles’ song Eleanor Rigby was removed from another auction in England amid claims it had been stolen.

The handwritten score, signed by Paul McCartney, was due to be sold with a guide price of £20,000.


Graduate with 2:1 sues Oxford for £1m

Oxford University
Image caption Faiz Siddiqui is suing Oxford university for £1m in damages

An Oxford graduate’s failure to get a top degree cost him a lucrative legal career, the High Court has heard.

Faiz Siddiqui alleges “inadequate” teaching on his modern history course resulted in him getting a low upper second degree in June 2000.

He blames staff being absent on sabbatical leave and is suing the university for £1m.

Oxford denies negligence and causation and says the case is “massively” outside the legal time limit.

Mr Siddiqui also alleges medical information about him was not submitted to examiners by a tutor.

The 39-year-old studied at Brasenose College and singled out the teaching on the Indian special subject part of his course for criticism.

‘A huge disappointment’

His counsel Roger Mallalieu told Mr Justice Foskett that Mr Siddiqui had been a “driven young man” aiming at a postgraduate qualification at an Ivy League university.

He said: “Whilst a 2:1 degree from Oxford might rightly seem like a tremendous achievement to most, it fell significantly short of Mr Siddiqui’s expectations and was, to him, a huge disappointment.”

Mr Mallalieu said his employment history in legal and tax roles was “frankly poor” and he was now unemployed, rather than having a career at the tax bar in England or a major US law firm.

Mr Siddiqui also said his clinical depression and insomnia have been significantly exacerbated by his “inexplicable failure”.

Julian Milford, for Oxford University, told the court Mr Siddiqui complained about insufficient resources, but had only described the teaching as “a little bit dull”.

He added the student received exactly the same amount of teaching as he would have in any other year.

The seven-day hearing is concerned only with liability – with damages to be assessed later if Mr Siddiqui succeeds.

Minimum alcohol pricing in Scotland to start in May

alcohol on sale in EdinburghImage copyright PA
Image caption The policy is largely aimed at cheap, high-strength alcohol in supermarkets and off-licenses

Scotland will introduce minimum pricing for alcohol on 1 May next year, the Scottish government has announced.

The move will raise the cost of the strongest, cheapest alcohol by setting a minimum price per unit.

Health Secretary Shona Robison told MSPs that she expected the price to be set at 50p-per-unit, but this will be subject to a consultation.

She said the measure was needed to tackle the “devastation” caused by cheap, high-strength alcohol.

The 50p-per-unit minimum would raise the price of the cheapest bottle of red wine (9.4 units of alcohol) to £4.69, while a four-pack of 500ml cans of 4% lager (8 units) would cost at least £4 and a 70cl bottle of whisky (28 units of alcohol) could not be sold for less than £14.

Normal strength cider (5% ABV) would cost at least £2.50 a litre but a super-strength version (7.5% ABV) would have to cost a minimum of £3.75 for a litre.

Key weapon

Minimum pricing is largely aimed at cheap lager, cider and spirits sold in supermarkets and off-licenses.

But it would leave more expensive drinks unaffected, and is unlikely to impact on sales in pubs and clubs.

The Scottish government views the measure as a key weapon in the battle against binge drinking, with people in Scotland said to buy 20% more alcohol on average than those in England and Wales.

Alcohol Focus Scotland research from last year suggested that the maximum recommended weekly intake of alcohol – 14 units – could be bought for just £2.52.

  • £13.13 Vodka (70cl bottle at 37.5% ABV)

  • £1 Lager (500ml can at 4% ABV)

  • £2.50 Cider (1 litre bottle at 5% – normal strength)

  • £4.69 Red wine (75cl bottle at 12.5% ABV)

The Scottish Parliament passed the minimum pricing legislation five years ago but it was tied up in a legal challenge by the Scotch Whisky Association (SWA) until last week, when the Supreme Court ruled that it did not breach EU law.

Judges ruled unanimously that the policy was a “proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim” – with the SWA agreeing to pay the Scottish government’s legal costs.

Minimum pricing has been broadly welcomed by health bodies and alcohol awareness groups, who say it will target the kind of drinking that leads to the greatest harm.

There were 1,265 alcohol-related deaths in Scotland last year, an increase of 10% on 2015 – figures which Ms Robison described as “completely unacceptable”.

Speaking in the Scottish Parliament, she said: “Behind every one of these statistics is a person, a family and a community.

“With alcohol on sale today at just 18p a unit, we have to act to tackle the scourge of cheap, high-strength drink that causes so much damage.”

Ms Robison said research had shown that a minimum unit price of 50p would cut alcohol-related deaths by 392 and hospital admissions by 8,254 over the first five years of the policy.

She added: “I anticipate setting the minimum unit price at 50p per unit. We now want to hear from retailers, representative bodies and Licensing Standards Officers about the practicalities of implementation.”

‘Amir Khan’t’: Nickname follows Celeb fail

Boxer Amir Khan has been getting flak – even from his own wife – after failing his first Bushtucker Trial on this year’s I’m A Celebrity…Get Me Out Of Here!

He pulled a snake from a hole inside a giant termites’ nest while trying to win the camp a meal token.

The star gave up and refused to carry on with the Critter-cal Rescue task.

He’s also had a moan about not liking leaves and tweeted that the show was for “has beens” in a deleted tweet from 2012.

Amir Khan pulls a snake out of a hole in I'm A Celebrity...Get Me Out Of Here!

The boxer got plenty of stick on Twitter after the first trial failure, including from his wife, Faryal.

She said he clearly “didn’t realise what he’d got himself into”.

Lots of people also pointed out that he’d been photographed with a snake before.

The 30-year-old admitted that he didn’t know what I’m A Celeb was about or what happened on it.

In an Instagram Story promoting the programme before it started, he said: “Bushtucker trial? I’ve never heard of it. What is that?”

Perhaps there’s a reason for that…

Amir has admitted he was scared of spiders, snakes and heights before going on the show.

And he was told to hand over his £100,000 Cartier watch after not realising he couldn’t take it into the jungle.

Now fans are calling him out on his latest I’m A Celeb fail.

I'm A Celebrity contestants 2017

This year’s I’m A Celebrity line-up includes Saturdays singer Vanessa White, YouTuber Jack Maynard, Corrie actress Jennie McAlpine and Rebekah Vardy, wife of England footballer Jamie.

Also in the Australian jungle are Boris Johnson’s father Stanley, ex-footballer Dennis Wise, Hollyoaks actor Jamie Lomas and comedian Shappi Khorsandi.

Find us on Instagram at BBCNewsbeat and follow us on Snapchat, search for bbc_newsbeat

Wyatt ton sees England draw Ashes

Danni Wyatt became the first England batter to score a Twenty20 international century
Women’s Ashes: Third Twenty20 international, Canberra
Australia 178-2 (20 overs): Mooney 117*, Perry 22*, Brunt 1-25
England 181-6 (19 overs): Wyatt 100, Knight 51, Jonassen 2-25
England (2pts) won by four wickets; Australia retain the Women’s Ashes with multi-format series drawn 8-8

Danni Wyatt scored England‘s first Twenty20 International century to help her side chase a record 179 and draw the multi-format Women’s Ashes series.

Beth Mooney hit an unbeaten 117, the second-highest score in women’s T20s, as Australia posted an imposing total.

Wyatt hit two sixes and 13 boundaries in a 139-run stand with Heather Knight (51) to rescue England from 30-3 and win by four wickets in Canberra.

Australia had already retained the Women’s Ashes but the series ended 8-8.

A tale of two centuries

Prior to this game, there had only been four centuries in women’s Twenty20 international cricket – two of them struck by West Indies star Deandra Dottin.

The fifth was majestic, Mooney dispatching England’s ragged bowling attack to all areas of Manuka Oval with exceptional power and guile, her 19 boundaries the highest ever by a man or woman in Twenty20 internationals.

The 23-year-old smashed four in a row to finish the innings, taking Australia to 178-2 and seemingly on the cusp of victory.

England floundered in response as Tammy Beaumont and Sarah Taylor were both caught trying to attack every delivery and a nervy Nat Sciver was run out by Elyse Villani’s sharp throw.

Wyatt rode her luck – dropped on just 14 by wicketkeeper Alyssa Healy and 54 by Megan Schutt – but punished the increasingly panicked Australian bowlers with a series of hefty drives over cover.

With Knight proving perfect foil, Wyatt raced to 100 off just 56 balls and though she fell to Delissa Kimmince without adding to her century, the 26-year-old had done enough to steer England to a historic victory.

T20 international centurions

Beth Mooney is the first woman to score a Twenty20 international ton in Australia – Danni Wyatt the second

There have only been six T20 centuries in women’s international cricket, and two of those were made within three hours of each other.

  • Meg Lanning – 126 for Australia v Ireland, March 2014
  • Beth Mooney – 117 not out for Australia v England, November 2017
  • Shandre Fritz – 116 not out for South Africa v Netherlands, October 2010
  • Deandra Dottin – 112 not out for West Indies v South Africa, May 2010
  • Deandra Dottin – 112 for West Indies v Sri Lanka, October 2017
  • Danni Wyatt – 100 for England v Australia, November 2017

Pressure drop

England were on 27-2 when Wyatt skied a leading edge off spinner Molly Strano straight up, only for Healy to misjudge the flight and drop a simple chance.

Even then England looked far from capable of bettering their own record chase of 165 against Australia in 2009 to salvage a draw from an Ashes in which they were “lacking in a few areas”, according to coach Mark Robinson.

Yet Healy’s drop appeared to spread tension throughout the Australia fielders, the wicketkeeper spilling another easy opportunity with Knight on 24 – the fourth drop in the space of about 15 minutes after Strano and Schutt’s mistakes.

They recovered to a degree to take three late wickets but Wilson’s impudent ramp shot to the boundary for victory capped a disappointing end to an otherwise fine series from Rachael Haynes’ team.

Australia won two of the three one-day internationals to take a 4-2 lead in the series before the solitary Test match was drawn, earning another two points for each side.

The home side then won the first of three T20 internationals to lead 8-4 and ensure they would at least retain the Women’s Ashes but England won the last two to secure an 8-8 finish.

‘We’re gutted we didn’t win the Ashes’ – reaction

England’s Danni Wyatt, speaking to Test Match Special: “I tried a bit too hard in the first six overs, I lost my shape a little bit. But I backed myself and swung hard and it paid off. I was quite lucky, but you have to make it count when someone drops you, and I made it count.

“To contribute to a record chase is a special feeling. Heather batted really well – she backed herself and hit the ball in her areas. Outstanding by the skipper.

“It was hard sitting out for the ODIs and the Test match so I had to make the T20s count.”

England captain Heather Knight, speaking to Test Match Special: “What a game it was. I thought they had too many, but there is a hell of a lot of fight in this team and to level at 8-8 makes me really proud.

“We lost a few early wickets but it was a belter of a pitch so boundaries were easy to come by. I was just trying to get Danni on strike.

“We’re gutted we didn’t win the Ashes but to draw the series is the next best thing. It was a great innings from Beth Mooney. It’s tough for her to be on the losing side. What a game and what a spectacle for women’s cricket.”

Australia captain Rachael Haynes, speaking to BT Sport: “I certainly thought it was well within our grasp to win the match. It was disappointing. I guess it’s true, catches win matches, and we put a few down.

“Beth has been outstanding. She’s been hitting everywhere. She’s worked extremely hard on her game. For her to produce in international cricket is really exciting.”

Veteran of Korean War admits surprise as medal arrives in post

A VETERAN of Britain’s bloodiest conflict since the Second World War has been honoured with a medal from South Korea’s government.

Brian Maddocks, 85, was seriously injured fighting in the Korean War in 1951.

He was hit by shrapnel storming a hill with his unit, the Royal Leicestershire Regiment, in what became known as the Second Battle of Maryang San.

He has already had two medals recognising his service in the war but he has unexpectedly received a further medal from South Korea, expressing the country’s “everlasting gratitude” for his contribution towards preserving its freedom and democracy.

The citation accompanying the latest medal is from South Korea’s minister for patriots and veterans’ affairs.

Mr Maddocks, of Knowle Park, Keighley, said: “It arrived in the post in a presentation box but I hadn’t been expecting it at all. I feel rather shocked, but also pleasantly surprised.”

Mr Maddocks was born in Keighley and before joining the Army for his National Service worked as a labourer for Summerscales Washing Machines in Parkwood Street.

Once in the Army, having only just turned 19, he found himself sent to the other side of the world to support South Korea’s bitter struggle against Communist North Korea and its ally China.

After reaching South Korea in October 1951 he and his regiment were deployed to help another British unit which was under attack on a position called Hill 317.

Mr Maddocks said: “As we went up this valley the enemy started shelling us.

“We got to the trenches of the King’s Own Scottish Borderers, stayed there for a short while, then launched our attack.

“We were getting shelled, mortared and hit with hand grenades and I was struck by shrapnel in my right foot.

“I could hardly walk. Me and a friend had to make our own way back from the fighting but we got lost and had no idea where we were. I don’t know how we made it back to our own positions.

“The Indian Red Cross picked me up, put me in a wagon, and then in a helicopter which flew me to the Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH).

“I’d never been in a helicopter before, and the helicopters then were nothing like now. I was very scared.”

Mr Maddocks was evacuated to a military hospital in Japan where he remained for two months. He was sent back to Korea in early 1952, only to be injured again, this time in a non-combat accident.

Following a second spell of recovery in Japan he finally returned to England in September 1952.

After being discharged from the Army he initially went back to Summerscales, then spent ten years sailing the world as an engine room worker in merchant navy ships.

On returning to Keighley he worked as a plasterer and also as a machine moulder in a foundry.

Mr Maddocks, a father of three and a supporter of the Soldiers Sailors Airmen Families Association, said his experiences had made him staunchly anti-war.

He said Korea had effectively been a “forgotten war”, with few people in Britain today remembering the 1,100 British troops who died there.

“I’ve never been back to Korea since the war,” he said. “I’d liked to have gone back to visit the graves of some of my friends who are buried there, but it was too expensive.”

North of England hardest hit by government cuts

The Angel of the North in the North EastImage copyright Getty Images
Image caption The Angel of the North is in the north-east of England, which has seen some of the biggest cuts in government spending

The north of England has seen the biggest cuts in government spending over the past five years, official figures show.

Spending in the north has fallen by £696m in real terms since 2012, while the south of England has seen an increase of £7bn.

Labour have called on the government to end its austerity programme in the budget on Wednesday.

A Treasury spokesperson said every region in England is funded fairly.

Analysing the latest government figures on public spending, BBC News has found that every region in the north of England has seen a real terms fall in government spending since 2012, while every other part of England has seen an increase.

Although budget cuts have affected public services such as schools, police forces and local councils across England, the latest figures show that overall cuts in the north have been disproportionately greater.

That has left head teachers like Dave Brown in York struggling to balance his schools’ books.

He said: “I run one of the most deprived primary schools in York, and austerity has meant it’s become increasingly hard to buy the equipment we need for the children, while maintaining the school buildings, and there are days when I don’t have the money to bring in supply teachers.”

Image caption Dave Brown says his primary school in York doesn’t have enough money to hire supply teachers

Since 2010, West Yorkshire Police has lost over 1,000 police officers and Mark Burns-Williamson, the county’s Labour Police and Crime Commissioner, says the force still has a £15m black hole in its budget.

“The government doesn’t value public service workers and policing in the way that it should, because austerity has meant that the cuts to our budgets have been sustained, and it’s time that was changed,” he added.

While public spending in the north has fallen, spending increases in the south have been driven predominately by extra investment in the NHS, and spending on transport projects such as Crossrail in London.

Most regions in the north still receive more funding per person than other regions in the midlands and south of England.

Government spending per person, by region or nation, 2016-17:

Northern Ireland – £11,042

Scotland – £10,651

London – £10,192

Wales – £10,076

North East – £9,680

North West – £9,429

UK average – £9,159

West Midlands – £8,846

Yorkshire and the Humber – £8,810

South West – £8,549

East Midlands – £8,282

East – £8,155

South East – £8,111

Source: HM Treasury

Furthermore, the number of unemployed people in the north has fallen from 646,000 in 2012-13 to 382,000 in 2016-17, a fall of more than 40%, according to the Office for National Statistics.

“We’ve seen huge numbers of jobs created across the north because of the responsible way the government has managed the public finances,” says Stuart Andrew, the Conservative MP for Pudsey, in West Yorkshire.

“Businesses have created new jobs because they have confidence in the government, and we can’t afford to lose that confidence by becoming irresponsible with the public finances, and people still understand that as a country we have to continue to live within our means.”

Ahead of the government’s budget announcement on Wednesday, Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell called on the government to end its austerity programme, saying Labour would spend an extra £17bn on public services each year.

Asked about whether the government’s austerity programme would end, Chancellor Philip Hammond told the Andrew Marr programme that “our public servants are doing a remarkable job in what I acknowledge are difficult circumstances”.

Image caption Chancellor Philip Hammond says a plan to build 300,000 new homes a year will be at the centre of the government’s budget

A Treasury spokesperson said: “We fund every region fairly, and are committed to spreading opportunity and prosperity across the whole country.

“We have a strong record of funding the North and will invest over £13 billion in transport there by 2020, more than any Government in history.

“We have also backed the Northern Powerhouse with a further £2.25 billion in extra funding through devolution deals, giving directly-elected mayors further financial clout and the powers to boost their areas.”

Bradford among UK’s most fertile places

BRADFORD has been named one of the most fertile places in the UK, according to new statistics.

The Office for National Statistics recorded a rate of 2.21 children per mother in the district – making it seventh in the UK for fertility rates.

Barking and Dagenham in London topped the list with 2.47 children per mother. In second place was Forest Heath in Suffolk, with a rate of 2.31, followed in third place by Slough in Berkshire (2.29).

The City of London recorded the lowest fertility rate in 2016 (0.75).

The average for the whole of the country was 1.79, down from 1.92 in 2012.

Blackburn with Darwen was the highest ranking area in the North, with 2.25.

All four nations of the UK have seen the average rate fall in 2016, compared with figures in 2012.

The West Midlands and the East of England jointly recorded the highest rates of any region in England in 2016 (1.91).

Scottish Labour leader would support England against Scotland

Richard LeonardImage copyright Getty Images
Image caption Richard Leonard is Scottish Labour’s new leader

The new leader of Scottish Labour has said he would support England against Scotland in a football or rugby match.

Richard Leonard was born in Yorkshire, but has spent most of his life living and working north of the border after going to university in Stirling.

He told BBC Five Live that the “honest truth” was that “if it’s England versus Scotland, I do support England”.

Mr Leonard was named Scottish Labour leader at the weekend following the resignation of Kezia Dugdale.

The central Scotland MSP won out in a lengthy contest against fellow Labour parliamentarian Anas Sarwar.

He has set a goal of leading Labour back into government in the next Holyrood elections in 2021.

Asked by Adrian Chiles which team he would support in a football or rugby encounter between the home nations rivals, Mr Leonard replied: “If it’s England versus Scotland, I do support England. Every other game I will support either Scotland or England.

“I’m not going to try and make up something which would be inaccurate. That’s the honest truth and my wife, who is Scottish, she would bear that out. We watch football together.”

Image copyright PA
Image caption Previous Labour heavyweights Jack McConnell and Gordon Brown took very different approaches to national football teams

During the occasionally ill-tempered leadership race, Mr Leonard defended his birthplace and private school upbringing, saying that nobody should be criticised for where they were born or went to school.

He also told the BBC that “my life‘s too short” to have a favourite reality TV programme, following criticism of his predecessor Kezia Dugdale for joining the ITV show I’m a Celebrity…Get Me Out of Here!

Scottish politicians have generally sought diplomatic answers to questions concerning football rivalries, with Alex Salmond saying he would not actively “root against” England – although he threw his backing behind their 2006 World Cup group-stage rivals Trinidad and Tobago due to the number of Scottish-based players in their squad.

Former Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown was criticised – by Mr Salmond in particular – for appearing to back England over his native Scotland while helping launch a bid to host the World Cup.

Raith Rovers fan Mr Brown drew scorn for his enthusiastic backing for England, which also included highlighting a Paul Gascoigne goal against Scotland as one of his most memorable footballing moments.

Another Labour politician, former First Minister Jack McConnell, took the opposite approach, saying he would not support England in the World Cup in 2006 and would instead “enjoy the small teams giving the big teams a beating from time to time”.

Campaigners condemn ‘ludicrous’ hijab questioning

A schoolgirl wearing a hijabImage copyright Getty Images

Muslim campaigners have condemned “discriminatory” plans for school inspectors to question girls who wear hijab in primary school.

Head of Ofsted Amanda Spielman said pupils would be asked why they wear the headscarf, which “could be interpreted as sexualisation of young girls”.

But some have asked why the pupils and not the schools will be challenged.

Ofsted said the move was in line with its current practice of assessing whether a school promotes equality.

The hijab is traditionally worn as a sign of modesty once a girl reaches puberty.

Research by the National Secular Society in September suggested 59 of 142 Islamic schools, including 27 primary schools, in England have a uniform policy which states a head-covering is compulsory.

“The hijab in primary schools should be something that is dealt with via the schools uniform policy,” said Sajda Mughal, head of JAN Trust, a charity working with BAME and Muslim women.

She called the move by Ofsted “nonsense and discriminatory” and said it will be used by extremists to advance their narrative of “them and us'” and could fuel marginalisation.

“I know as a Muslim mother of young girls, I’d be alarmed and horrified if I found that my daughters were questioned if they wore the hijab,” she said.

This was echoed by human rights campaigner Aisha Ali-Khan, who said the primary schools should be held to account “rather than quizzing little girls”.

Oftsed should instead ask “why are primary school uniform policies allowing hijab for girls under the age of puberty when Islamic laws state otherwise,” she added.

But Amina Lone, from the Social Action and Research Foundation, was one of those who lobbied Ofsted to take action.

“As a second generation Muslim woman and a parent, I have huge concerns about the increasing encroachment of gender inequality in public spaces for women of faith,” she told the BBC‘s Asian Network.

“The hijab is absolutely not required for children.

“Gender equality was hard fought for in this country and we shouldn’t be diluting that.”

She said it was “absurd” to be having this debate in 2017 and stressed this was not about secondary school children or adults.

There is no ban on Islamic dress in the UK, but schools are allowed to decide their own dress code.

Current government advice states: “Pupils have the right to manifest a religion or belief, but not necessarily at all times, places or in a particular manner.”

Shereen, a hijabi, said the choice should be between the parents and the child.

The mother-of two, whose own daughters do not wear a hijab, said the headscarf has been misrepresented.

“It has nothing to do with sexualising children. That claim is ridiculous,” she told the BBC Asian Network.

Vlogger and mother, Nilly Dahlia agreed. She started wearing hijab aged 22.

“Hijab is not about sexualisation. It is a sign of submission to our faith,” she said.

“I do feel like the government are trying to control Muslims.”

‘Common sense’

But blogger Hifsa Haroon-Iqbal said the issue was simply a school uniform one.

“If schools do not want young children in primary education to wear hijabs in school, this needs to be made explicitly clear within the school uniform policy.

“This is not about racism, being islamophobic or discriminatory. It is common sense,” the mother-of-three wrote.

“To subject a young child to questioning about why they are dressed in a particular way is ludicrous as it will always warrant the same response, ‘because my mother dresses me’.”