Tens of thousands of families are trapped in temporary accommodation despite “working every hour they can”, says housing charity Shelter.
Its analysis of official data suggests 33,000 families living in temporary digs in England were also working in 2017 – up 73% on 2013.
The charity blames a mix of expensive private rents, a housing benefit freeze and a chronic lack of social housing.
The government said it was investing £1.2bn to support homeless people.
Shelter’s analysis suggests 55% of families living in temporary accommodation – property offered to them by local authorities after they have been declared without a permanent home – are in employment.
Chief executive Polly Neate said it was disgraceful that families were forced to experience homelessness despite working “every hour they can”.
She added: “In many cases, these are parents who work all day or night before returning to a cramped hostel or B&B where their whole family is forced to share a room.
“A room with no space for normal family life like cooking, playing or doing homework.
“We cannot allow struggling families to slip through the cracks created by our housing crisis – the government must urgently come up with a new plan for social housing that delivers the genuinely affordable homes we desperately need.”
One mother of three, Mary Smith, who lives in temporary accommodation with her sons in Watford, described how she struggled to hold on to her job in a shoe shop because of her housing situation.
She said: “Sometimes I even think that I don’t want to wake up in the morning, but I do.
“I get on with it because I have other people relying on me.”
‘Tough on children’
She added: “Letting my colleagues know at work what’s happening is very hard.
“Luckily I have an understanding manager now, but I nearly lost my job when I first became homeless because the transport links from my hostel were so bad.
“We’ve lived in three different places in two years, and it’s been really tough on the children.”
The charity’s analysts arrived at the 33,000 figure by combining Department for Work and Pensions statistics on the number of families known to be in work but homeless, official data on homelessness from the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) and housing benefit data.
A MHCLG spokesman said its Homelessness Reduction Act would ensure more struggling people are provided with support.
He said: “Councils have a duty to provide suitable temporary accommodation to those who need it, and families with children get priority.
“So families can get a permanent home, we are investing £9bn in affordable properties, including £2bn for social rent housing.”